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Know The Odds

NO RISK - These activities have no potential for HIV transmission and no evidence of transmission occurring.

  • Wet or dry kissing without exchanging blood
  • Hand jobs/ Mutual Masturbation with or without latex gloves
  • Receiving unshared insertive sex toys
  • Sadomasochistic (S/M) activities using universal precautions
  • Urination on the body
  • Contact with feces on unbroken skin

NEGLIGIBLE RISK - While there is hypothetically a potential for HIV transmission, there are no confirmed reports of HIV infection from these activities.

  • Oral sex (fellatio)—performing or receiving with a condom
  • Oral sex (fellatio)—receiving without a condom
  • Giving oral sex, on a penis or vagina, with a barrier
  • Getting oral sex, on a penis or vagina, with or without a barrier
  • Giving anal-oral sex or rimming , with or without a barrier
  • Getting anal-oral sex or rimming , with or without a barrier
  • Vaginal or anal fingering, performing with or without latex glove
  • Vaginal or anal fingering, receiving with or without latex glove
  • Fisting, performing or receiving, with or without a latex glove
  • Inserting sex toys in your partner, with or without condom
  • Receiving shared or disinfected insertive sex toys, with condom
  • S/M activities, not using universal precautions
  • Urination into the body
  • Scissoring/Vulva-to-vulva rubbing, either during or not during menstruation
  • Docking (wrapping your foreskin over your partner’s penis and masturbating)

LOW RISK - There is a potential for HIV transmission with a few reports of HIV infection from these activities.

  • Wet kissing with exchange of blood (from bleeding gums, cuts, ulcers)
  • Giving oral sex, on a penis or vagina, without a barrier, taking semen/pre-ejaculate in mouth
  • Penile-vaginal intercourse for either partner with a condom
  • Penile-anal intercourse for either partner with a condom

HIGH RISK - There is potential for HIV transmission with a significant reports of HIV infection from these activities.

  • Penile-vaginal intercourse for either partner without a condom
  • Penile-anal intercourse for either partner without a condom
  • Receiving shared insertive sex toys without condom
  • Source: HIV Transmission: Guidelines for Assessing Risk, Canadian AIDS Society,  Fifth Edition, 2005